There are more than 325 species of hummingbirds throughout the world.
The Allen Hummingbird only lives on the west side of the United States, in the states of California and Oregon.
Hummingbirds weigh only about 3 grams, which is less than a nickel.
Hummingbirds can hover in mid-air without moving. They can also fly up, down, and sideways. They can even fly backwards, which no other bird species can do.
Their feet are so tiny they cannot walk on the ground. They can only shuffle along a perch.
Hummingbirds need to eat constantly, so, they must visit hundreds of flowers daily. They eat mostly nectar from flowers and very small insects they pick off nearby.
At hummingbird feeders, they are aggressive and chase away other birds from the feeder, even much larger birds.
As you can see from the pictures to the right,
a male Allen Hummingbird has a beautiful
red throat, which he uses to attract the
female. She is much plainer in appearance
than his is.
To attract a female, the male Allen Hummingbird
will fly sideways numerous times, then high in the air,
diving straight down, turning up slightly in front of
her in a J-shaped pattern, and singing at the bottom
of the 'J'. Once they mate, he will disappear from her
life. She alone will lay the eggs - usually two white
ones - sit on them, and feed them by herself after
Hummingbirds do not suck nectar through their long bills, as if through a straw; they lick it with fringed, forked tongues.
Hummingbirds have no sense of smell
but have very keen eyesight and can see
you clearly from far away.
Male is indicated by + sign on top of circle. Female has + sign on bottom of circle..
Bizzie's Lesson 1
Reading Assignment -
the Study of Allen Hummingbirds
Mating Flight Pattern of Male